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Научно-практическая ревматология

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Иммунопатология и иммунофармакотерапия коронавирусной болезни 2019 (COVID-19): фокус на интерлейкин 6

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Аннотация

Пандемия коронавирусной болезни 2019 (COVID-19) привлекла более пристальное, чем прежде, внимание к проблемам иммунопатологии болезней человека, многие из которых нашли свое отражение при изучении иммуновоспалительных ревматических заболеваний (ИВРЗ). Развитие гипериммунной патологии, получившей название «синдром цитокинового шторма», к патогенетическим субтипам которого относят гемофагоцитарный лимфогистиоцитоз, синдром активации макрофагов и синдром высвобождения цитокинов, входит в число наиболее тяжелых осложнений иммуновоспалительных заболеваний или терапии злокачественных новообразований и может быть стадией прогрессирования COVID-19. В спектре цитокинов, принимающих участие в патогенезе синдрома цитокинового шторма, большое значение придается интерлейкину 6 (ИЛ6). Внедрение в клиническую практику моноклональных антител (мАТ), ингибирующих активность этого цитокина (тоцилизумаб, сарилумаб и др.), относится к числу крупных достижений в лечении ИВРЗ и критических состояний в рамках синдрома цитокинового шторма при COVID-19. В обзоре обсуждаются данные, касающиеся клинического и прогностического значения ИЛ6 и эффективности мАТ к ИЛ6-рецепторам и ИЛ6 и перспективы персонифицированной терапии синдрома цитокинового шторма при COVID-19.

Об авторе

Е. Л. Насонов
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»; ФГАОУ ВО «Первый Московский государственный медицинский университет им. И.М. Сеченова» Минздрава России (Сеченовский Университет)
Россия
115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А;
119991, Москва, ул. Трубецкая, 8, стр. 2


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Насонов Е.Л. Иммунопатология и иммунофармакотерапия коронавирусной болезни 2019 (COVID-19): фокус на интерлейкин 6. Научно-практическая ревматология. 2019;.

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